A Brief History of Shabbat…



A certain denomination is quick to refute my assertion that the Sabbath day was not instituted as a command on the sixth day of creation but rather until, as I believe Scripture demonstrates, the giving of the law (Ex, 20).This following linked article provided by a kind poster to my blog gives yet another piece of evidence to support my contention:


…G-d appears to Moses in a burning bush and empowers him to take the Children of Israel out of Egypt. After ten plagues and much nudging, Pharaoh finally lets them go. They cross the (miraculously split) Sea of Reeds and come to Marah. “There G-d gave them statutes and laws” — including the commandment to observe the Shabbat. (Exodus 15:25; Talmud, Sanhedrin 56b)…


http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/261818/jewish/A-Brief-History-of-Shabbat.htm  – (See point #4)


Do Seventh Day Adventists have it right- is the Seventh Day Sabbath a creation ordinance?


All pertinent comments welcome!



When Christ died……..


….what happened to Him? Did He spend 3 days in the grave? Did He spend it at the Father’s side? Did He go into the depths of hell? This question came up recently at a “last supper” celebration I attended and it made for some good discussion.

Here’s another question: As the Pharisees struggled to understand why their temple curtain was now ripped in two and its walls dislodged from the trembling ground, the Bible records seven things that Christ had told those present while hanging on the cross. Do you remember what they were? They contain a wealth of theology and hope for the believer.

I await your responses with jubulant expectation!

Jim Richardson

Points To Ponder About The Flood

When you read a good article, you just have to pass it on. Kids just soak this stuff up!

Points To Ponder About The Flood

Author: Dr. Kent Hovind


2 Pet. 3:3-8 tells us that people who scoff at the Bible are “willingly ignorant” of the Creation and the Flood. In order to understand science and the Bible, we must not be ignorant of those two great events in Earth’s history.

Over 250 Flood legends from all parts of the world have been found. Most have similarities to the Genesis story.

  1. Noah’s ark was built only to float, not to sail anywhere. Many ark scholars believe that the ark was a “barge” shape, not a pointed “boat” shape. This would greatly increase the cargo capacity. Scoffers have pointed out that the largest sailing ships were less than 300 feet because of the problem of twisting and flexing the boat. These ships had giant masts, and sails to catch the wind. Noah’s ark need neither of those and therefore had far less torsional stress.
  2. Even using the small 18-inch cubit (my height is 6-ft. 1-in. and I have a 21-in. cubit) the ark was large enough to hold all the required animals, people, and food with room to spare.
  3. The length-to-width ratio of 6 to 1 is what shipbuilders today often use. This is the best ratio for stability in stormy weather. (God thinks of everything!)
  4. The ark may have had a “moon-pool” in the center. The larger ships would have a hole in the center of the bottom of the boat with walls extending up into the ship. There are several reasons for this feature:
    • It allowed water to go up into the hole as the ship crested waves. This would be needed to relieve strain on longer ships.
    • The rising and lowering water acted as a piston to pump fresh air in and out of the ship. This would prevent the buildup of dangerous gasses from all the animals on board.
    • The hole was a great place to dump garbage into the ocean without going outside.
  5. The ark may have had large drogue (anchor) stones suspended over the sides to keep it more stable in rough weather. Many of these stones have been found in the region where the ark landed.
  6. Noah lived 950 years! Many Bible scholars believe the pre-Flood people were much larger than modern man. Skeletons over 11 feet tall have been found! If Noah were taller, his cubit (elbow to fingertip) would have been much larger also. This would make the ark larger by the same ratio. See Seminar tape #2 for more info on this.
  7. God told Noah to bring two of each kind (seven of some), not of each species or variety. Noah had only two of the dog kind, which would include the wolves, coyotes, foxes, mutts, etc. The “kind” grouping is probably closer to our modern family division in taxonomy, and would greatly reduce the number of animals on the ark. Animals have diversified into many varieties in the last 4400 years since the Flood. This diversification is not anything similar to great claims that the evolutionists teach. (They teach, “Kelp can turn into Kent,” given enough time!)
  8. Noah did not have to get the animals. God brought them to him (Gen. 6:20, “shall come to thee”).
  9. Only land-dwelling, air-breathing animals had to be included on the ark (Gen. 7:15, “in which is the breath of life,” 7:22). Noah did not need to bring all the thousands of insects varieties.
  10. Many animals sleep, hibernate, or become very inactive during bad weather.
  11. All animals (and people) were vegetarians before and during the Flood according to Gen. 1:20-30 with Gen. 9:3.
  12. The pre-Flood people were probably much smarter and more advanced than people today. The longer life spans, Adam’s direct contact with God, and the fact that they could glean the wisdom of many generations that were still alive would greatly expand their knowledge base.
  13. The Bible says that the highest mountains were covered by 15 cubits of water. This is half the height of the ark. The ark was safe from scraping bottom at all times.
  14. The large mountains, as we have them today, did not exist until after the Flood when “the mountains arose and the valleys sank down” (Ps. 104:5-9, Gen. 8:3-8).
  15. There is enough water in the oceans right now to cover the earth 8,000 feet deep if the surface of the earth were smooth.
  16. Many claim to have seen the ark in recent times in the area in which the Bible says it landed. There are two primary schools of thought about the actual site of the ark (see my Creation Seminar Part 3 video for more on this). Much energy and time has been expended to prove both views. Some believe the ark is on Mt. Ararat, covered by snow (CBS showed a one-hour special in 1993 about this site). The other group believes the ark is seventeen miles south of Mt. Ararat in a valley called “the valley of eight” (8 souls on the ark). The Bible says the ark landed in the “mountains” of Ararat, not necessarily on the mountain itself.
  17. The continents were not separated until 100-300 years after the Flood (Gen. 10:25). The people and animals had time to migrate anywhere on earth by then. See Seminar Part 6 for more information.
  18. The top 3,000 feet of Mt. Everest (from 26,000-29,000 feet) is made up of sedimentary rock packed with seashells and other ocean-dwelling animals.
  19. Sedimentary rock is found all over the world. Sedimentary rock is formed in water.
  20. Petrified clams in the closed position (found all over the world) testify to their rapid burial while they were still alive, even on top of Mount Everest.
  21. Bent rock layers, fossil graveyards, and poly-strata fossils are best explained by a Flood.
  22. People choose to not believe in the Flood because it speaks of the judgment of God on sin (2 Pet. 3:3-8).



God’s Word is explicit in teaching that YHWH alone is to be “worshipped” (Ex. 34:14; Ps. 81:9; 97:7; Matt. 4:10/Luke 4:8; Rev. 19:10). We are given examples in God’s Word of people who were rebuked, chastised, or judged for worshipping the creation (Zeph. 1:5; Acts 7:42; Romans 1:25), “gods” (Joshua 24; 2 Kings 17; 1 Cor. 8:5), idols (Lev. 19:4; 26:1; 1 Chr. 16:26; 2 Chron. 34:7; 1 Cor. 10:14; 1 Jn. 5:21), images (Ex. 20:4; Isa. 42:8, 17; 44:15; Jer. 8:19; Rom. 1:23; Rev. 16:2; 19:20), “relics” (2 Kings 18:4), material things (Matt. 16:26; Luke 12:20; Acts 17:29; Col. 3:5), “saints” (Matt. 17:4; Acts 10:25-26), and even angels (Col. 2:18; Rev. 19:10).

God says, “I am YHWH: that is My Name: and My glory I will not give to another … For My own sake, even for My own sake, will I do it: for how should My Name be polluted? and I will not give My glory to another.” – Isaiah 42:8 and 48:11.

With the above in mind, now read the following passages of Scripture concerning none other than Jesus Christ :

1. ” … (the wise men) saw the young child (newborn Jesus) with Mary His mother, and fell down, and worshipped Him (JESUS- not His mother!) … ” MATTHEW 2:11

2. “And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped Him …” MATTHEW 8:2

3. “Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped Him, saying, ‘It is true You are the Son of God.'” MATTHEW 14:33

4. “And as they went to tell His disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, ‘All hail.’ And they came and held Him by the feet, and worshipped Him.” MATTHEW 28:9

5. “And when they saw Him (JESUS), they worshipped Him; but some doubted.” MATTHEW 28:17

6. “But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped Him.” MARK 5:6

7. “And it came to pass, while He blessed them, He was parted from them, and carried up into heaven, and they worshipped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy …” LUKE 24:52

8. “And he (a ‘sinner’) said, ‘Lord, I believe,’ and he worshipped Him.” JOHN 9:38

9. “And again, when (The Father) brings in the First-begotten into the world, He says, ‘And let all the angels of God worship Him (JESUS- Psalm 148:2).'” HEBREWS 1:6

10. “And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; Saying with a loud voice, ‘Worthy is the Lamb (JESUS) that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing, And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard, I saying, ‘Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto Him that sits on the throne, and unto the Lamb (JESUS) forever and ever. And the four beasts said, ‘Amen.’ And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped Him that lives forever and ever.” REVELATION 5:12-14

There is no way around this fact of Scripture : Jesus Christ is worshipped. God says that He will not share His glory with “another.” Yet those who deny Christ’s Deity must insist that He do just this, because if Jesus is worshipped but is not God Himself, then God has given His glory to “another.” Next time you speak with one who denies that Jesus is God show them the above words penned by Isaiah the prophet. As he/she reads the passage say : “You’ve got a serious problem there, friend!”

Reader, this is the crux of all debates concerning the Deity of Christ : He is worshipped, and that with His Own approval and the approval of the Father. He is often worshipped by Jews in the above passages – Jews who would never deny their monotheistic faith! How much clearer can it get? If this fact alone were all the proof I had for Christ’s Deity, I would be on solid ground.

Thanks to William Kilgore: